tv [untitled] October 24, 2010 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT
dangerous and the police more active in clamping down on traffic that's got n c r d mumbai coming up through this our guide you through the american state we still are strong echoes of his russian past that's coming your way after a quick preview of the headlines i'm kevin all in thanks for choosing r.t. for moscow today.
global financial headlines tune in to gaza reports. twenty four hours a day from moscow this is. monday morning i'm kevin. hidden civilian deaths in iraq the biggest leak in u.s. military history is an online expose that suggests that washington turned to violence in iraq the iraqi prime minister claims the timing of the. two policemen and a civilian in a terrorist attack in the russian republic of chechnya. blowing themselves up in the. head. of the government reform the french promised new protests over a two year rise in the retirement
a british massive demonstration cuts in social benefits. change the city. says his top priorities are corruption and. look at the. problem. but up next we take you to alaska and find out how what was once part of russia is now the largest state in the u.s. enjoy. once it was a part of russian territory there are still reminders to this day children wearing russian national costumes people having russian names and many orthodox churches are standing here but more than one hundred forty years ago it became the u.s. territory though some americans still don't know about it. still ask no idea
about that stuff like that i don't know anything about that alaska it's cold. it was cold a box of ice a polar bear garden and one russia but in the language of the indigenous peoples the word alaska means the great land. sven haakanson is steering his boat out of the narrow bay of kodiak island his ancestors have lived here since time immemorial. over the thousands of years they to solve this seascape each time they put out to sea to hunt. but they use canoes with a couple of paddles instead of comfortable motor boats with powerful engines in the past yes it was very very difficult to hunt as an individual you need to group in
order to. in order to actually capture for example you look at the sea lions over here in order for you to hunt one of those you need several people. on a summer day and seven hundred forty one scores of natives of the land set out on a hunting expedition in canaries they spotted odd looking ships on the horizon. those big sail boats belonged to an expedition led by russian explorers bearing and . that was how kodiak island made its appearance on russian maps the first colonists were. forty years later seventeen eighty four. was the. streets serve as a reminder of. the names of russian travelers and merchants.
there. who are all founded to. tell us where we. russian permanent settlement in alaska and then their. son in law. named after nikolai. who are representing the government of russia and also the american company. the russian american company was founded in seventeen. primarily with the hunting and. which. was used as a warehouse from here to russia china this. pill has the sickest for any animal the most furs per square inch this is the animal itself the sea otter this animal was what caused the fur gold
rush to alaska. he organized an expedition to retrace the steps of his fellow countrymen. the first ever european. unexplored. contact with you have people. looking p. . well welcome to warmly just as their ancestors welcomes agustin two hundred fifty years ago their homes may have changed a lot but their attitude to russians remains the same. shit over clearly will welcome the east into places that it once served as bases as a ghost can expect dition. russians many of the local people said they had russian
and. when the russians came to alaska the lives of the indigenous people changed. many of them began to work for the russian american company jobs involved hunting for sea otters fishing and taking part in the building of new settlements russian priests and monks visited alaska and baptized the locals and people with the dogs fish russian men married local girls. russian men had local women and their children were called creole. some creoles were well educated they held top posts in the russian capital to ship as well as in the colonial administration you know ask us he's going to. surrender how concerned lives a life entirely different from his ancestors to him putting out to sea is more like
fun than work. sven is proud of his traditional bathhouse he sees it as a symbol of successive generations and imbedded russian traditions. when the russians came. the thing that is similar are the rocks and the he in the steam in the washing inside the vanya and that's something that we've been doing for centuries and that's a tradition where the now we have a wooden house which is a russian vanya which just adapted to it i mean i grew up taking one yes for bass. svend cs telling the history of. people as a mission he cheery it's a museum which is one of the principal tourist attractions of kodiak island when few tourists visited during low season local people come here to when the russians actually took over our claimed alaska for russia speed you don't see one of sens friends together with his family is listening to his story although his
name is of russian origin he doesn't know a single word of the language spoken on the other side of the bering strait nor does he know much about where his last name comes from. what my mom told me. they were taken people often are drawn to their daughter and they couldn't say our last name so of a russian. spy you don't see me and often doesn't need to speak russian services in the orthodox church in kodiak city are held in english. her. father in a county was born in new england a place that is far away from here he has no russian roots nevertheless he decided to serve as an orthodox priest in alaska but it was
a long story. it's a story of growing up in a christian church protestant church but always wanting the seeking out for face a for experience of the faith and finding that an orthodoxy as a young man and eventually answering the call into the priesthoods. the church were father in a county sears stands with the first church in the new world used to be alaska is still predominantly orthodox u.s. state. russians and the priest said then came didn't force us to not speak our language they didn't force us to not follow our traditional ways of living we did you know stop practicing our all the religious practices but pretty much everything else stayed the same hunting language but then in doing the american period.
american archaeologist david mcmahon is exploring the remains of russian legacy. these are. they would have been used. for this is one of the most important finds of his career some of the objects were found at the site of the first russian others on the ocean floor so these are this is. this together with. david raised many remains of the russian ship from the depths of the ocean. to the russian american company. in eight hundred sixty. eight was very lucrative because the california native. drinks so even if.
it was still make a good profit the ship was leaving. everyone got off the ship but because of the board the ship stayed afloat for several days before sank. the. twenty five meters deep to explore the remains of the ship the kodiak was one of a dozen ships keeping the lines of communication with. similar ships. of the north pacific. as a symbol the russian american company was in dire straits. at the beginning of the eight hundred sixty s. the company reached the edge of bankruptcy that caused a debate on whether alaska could be sold the vast territory was inhabited by eight hundred. those factors led to a serious discussion about
a potential sale they were held in an atmosphere of secrecy laws only a handful of officials knew about them the legal. american was not particularly keen on buying the faraway territory a russian envoy to washington eduardo steckel was told to do his best to convince the u.s. government that it would gain norma's benefits by acquiring alaska. steckel had the support of the u.s. state secretary william seward who was in favor of a u.s. territorial expansion. finally in eight hundred sixty seven after lengthy negotiations alaska was sold to the united states for the price of seven point two million dollars. on october the eighteenth eight hundred sixty seven the russian flag was lowered in the former alaskan capitol of sitka. in its stead america's colors were raised.
today happy alaska day is one of the major holidays of the forty ninth state. during the blight showed the residents of citgo reenact the procedure of handing over the flag from russians to americans. in eight hundred sixty seven the ceremony for placing the russian colony under u.s. control was much more modest. the american government was weary of accusations that they had wasted a lot of money headlines splashed across the newspapers scoffed at the purchase describing it as nothing more than a box of vice. rumor even had that of the seven point two million dollars paid some two hundred thousand was given to senators in the form of kickbacks. but opinion but opinion deliberate steps were taken of. swaying some sentences. towards the hitch free ratification of the treaty. after alaska came
under u.s. control the russian american company lost its influence and the russians were offered a choice either return to russia or live in the reservation. was shrouded in mystery. the official version. was spent on the construction of railways. the ship carrying the gold received for the sale of alaska had sunk in the pacific. is that so much. on it. is a form of. us and for you.
it's. like he refers to other states as the lower forty eight. of the forty nine most people in the lower forty eight. part of america. but. when they're here. i've actually had people. gary lived in the small settlement. here. a few english were. gary however doesn't speak russian my grandfather passed away
a couple of decades ago and my grandmother modest has passed away soon after that just some distance from here my father is buried in and most of my relatives and one day i will be to. right after the peninsula was sold to the americans the village ninilchik was built on the sea shore all of the employees of the russian american company who refused to move to russia had been banished here by the u.s. government one of the older buildings is right down below us doesn't have a window in it is built in the old log dovetail design with the dovetail corners there are several other buildings that are throughout here including sheds that were used for fishing the older ones that were built as as old as the late eighteenth hundreds all the residents of new chick are related to each other one way or another they are the houses irene she died in one thousand nine hundred five
one of the most successful people born in india. at lehman who is a distant relative of gary a school called four years ago he was the lieutenant governor of alaska. he's only passing through today and has decided to stay with his uncle and aunt their ancestors were russians and they still use russian words in their everyday lexicon . was married were. a few hours later he will visit his father at a nursing home in the town of sold. i tell him i tell my father that everything. oh you do that if it. doesn't see that russian heritage simply as a distant episode in the history of his native state he remembers well that when he was a child far more people spoke russian than english. with my brothers about the russian
heritage and we often joked about it when we get within about ten miles a week doing what we call speaking then we start talking like my father telling some of the stories it is still a very. more nov arrives at around lunchtime he visits his father at the local nursing home he says a few phrases in russian. mikko i. was there come to. nick lehman can't remember names and faces clearly last year he had a stroke. yes he. does but even. though it's my son nick lehman's condition sometimes makes him imagine he's not it's old news nursing home but in the old settlement of check where everyone has a boat where christmas is celebrated in early january rather than in december and
where people in nearly every home speak russian. you know there's. a group of. nick lehman is one of the few people here who still remember the russian air of the land its former legacy is gradually being forgotten much in the same way as old people's memories fade away i'd like to teach my children about their heritage and we've shared it. especially with our oldest child our son and i think the best way we can do it is to talk about it sure some of the stories maybe even some of the language i want them to understand are very rich cultural heritage is it makes me think of the. phrase and here is one of the most popular teachers at high school. he used to teach english to russian children in the russian town of.
course today he teaches russian in alaska none of the children in his class has a slavic name all of them are americans who have decided to learn the language that was once dominant in this part of the world. your wont during prion while all. this july you this thing that. i'm not. here. sees himself as a representative of the new wave of russian settlers of alaska who fears he makes himself at home the russian legacy is everywhere. because today there are at least about seven hundred. names. conspicuously
russian for example. then the presence of the churches here so you know the words. let's put it like this here in . the presence of the past. is another. after. trying to stick to a lifestyle reminiscent of siberia. people first came here in one thousand six to eight years this is the first house they have built he added we take why they feel you're not young enough how do you choose an evil one for some reason try to guess why there's no escape for you dressed to kill. is famous. and. particularly fond of her because
she is the only always ready to talk to journalists. and they always prefer. the founders of fled the soviet union to america to escape persecution. in alaska. trying to distance themselves from civilization much like they were. at the initially it was a private. that the signs had been removed and now people can visit us they can talk to and meet. today it is even something of a tourist attraction the cafe run by. the most lucrative business in the.
for three decades it never occurred to the old believers that someday americans might be among their neighbors they tried to escape visiting other towns but now the american houses stay near the russian ones vacuously matthew has five children he moved. seven years ago after buying one third of the local land his american dream is slowly becoming a reality the land was. pretty good price the russians. russians the people that are here the orthodox. have a nice. friendly relations with matt but as the years ago by she becomes ever more apprehensive of the prospect of. losing its status as a russian enclave and turning into just another quiet settlement. children in the still russian national dress but english is now their mother tongue.
for growing up in a russian village but we. learn english not as much russian i think or the. church. i. play which. the new wave of settlers who moved to alaska during the last decade came from siberia. twentieth century russian destinations changed in comparison with the eighteenth century the majority preferred. city anchorage rather than. out of the cities three hundred thousand strong population five thousand are migrants from russia. situated in the.
this perfect english hides his true. he was born in the town of. children of the russians who came here you know nine hundred eighty nine nine hundred ninety s. the girls are about twenty years old now just some of this russian generation has grown up in alaska they speak very good english and understand spoken russian it is indeed a new generation of music. there's a place where everybody is going to the place to be. different places. but the new russia have taken the him like. russians don't see themselves as masters. they see themselves as. the
traveler is among them. once again they will retrace the steps of earlier. to go through a strenuous course of training before the expedition they intend to use the same gear that the early russian explorers had. discover a. then we want to know the actual truth and that's why we didn't have a choice of transport. says vin haakanson head of the community of indigenous people. takes a dim view of the desire to make more difficult. as motorboats. thinks giving up the perks of civilization is
a foolish thing to do. yet despite embracing the modern era inwardly he still remains committed to the simple principles preached by his ancestors. we were here for thousands of years. but you know we didn't have this system of paper saying that we can claim this land because in our philosophy in our worldview. you can own land the land owns you you know how can you say you own that when you're only here for a little bit and then you got it's a whole different philosophy of owning it versus living with it.